Legally, wheelchairs and mobility scooters are classified as ‘invalid carriages’ and divided into three categories.
Class 1 manual wheelchairs
Manual wheelchairs don’t need road tax, and don’t need to register with the DVLA. It doesn’t matter whether you wheel yourself or have someone helping you.
Class 2 powered wheelchairs and mobility scooters
These are ‘class 2 invalid carriages’. They can’t be used on the road (except where there isn’t a pavement) and have a maximum speed of 4mph. They don’t need to be registered.
Class 2 mobility scooters and wheelchairs are sometimes classified as:
- Travel or Boot scooters that can be folded or dismantled to go in a car boot
- Pavement scooters, not intended for car boot use
- Power chairs – typically controlled by a joystick on the chair arm
Class 3 powered wheelchairs and mobility scooters
These can be used on the road or the pavement. They have maximum speed of 8mph on the road and 4mph for use on the pavement. They must also have lights, mirrors, brakes, indicators etc.
- They should be registered with DVLA
- You must be 14 or over to drive one
Mobility Scooter Insurance
Insurance is not a legal requirement for mobility scooters, but is highly recommended.